The War of 1812

 

This week I was asked to give a summary of the War of 1812. I would like to share why the war began, what happened in the war, and what was the outcome.

 

Why did the war begin? After the American War for Independence, the British were very upset. They treated the nation as a little brother and not as an independent nation. They impressed American sailors into the British Navy to help them fight Napoleon. They also armed the Indians, so that the Americans would not expand. The British went so far as to restrict the Americans from trading with French, whom the Brits were fighting in the Napoleonic Wars. The Americans officially declared war on June 18, 18 12.

 

What happened in the War of 1812? The Americans army tried to conquer Canada; however their campaign was a failure. The American’s decided to seize the Great Lakes. At the Battle of Lake Eire, the Americans, led by Oliver Perry, defeated the English in a fierce battle. However they were never successful in taking Canada. The British Navy and the American Navy clashed many times in the war. Most notably was the USS Constitution victory over the HMS Guerriere.images (1)

 

 

 

In August of 1814 the British began their march on Washington D.C.

images (3)They reached the Capitol and set it on fire, thankfully the President had escaped. The next day, though, a great storm swept through the city and the fires were extinguished. The British moved on to the port city of Baltimore. However one thing stood in their way, a small fort named Fort McHenry. After bombing the fort, and inflicting very small damage, they decided to take the fort by land. The land attempt was a complete failure and Baltimore was safe. After many battles the British decided to make peace. On December 27, 1814 the Treaty of Ghent was signed, the British had surrendered. How ever before the news reached the Americans, the greatest battle was to take place. The British wanted to capture the rich port city of New Orleans. Andrew Jackson and his men stood in the British’s Way. At the Battle of New Orleans, the British lost 1,971 men compared to the Americans thirteen killed. The War of 1812 was over.download

 

 

 

What was the outcome of the war? The land returned to Status quo ante bellum, as in the Seven Years War. This means the nations in the conflict lost nor gained any land. The Indians were pushed further and further back, they also lost all hope in driving the Americans back. At the Battle fort McHenry, Francis Scoot Key wrote ‘The Star Spangled Banner’. the Americans came out at the top of the war and they put a stronger hold to becoming a very important countryimages (4)

 

The War of 1812 is interesting and fun to study. I hoped you’ve enjoyed this essay and have learned a lot.

 

 

Samuel Duarte JM

 

 

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Steve Jobs

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Steve Jobs

 

 

Today, I would like to tell you about one of the most innovative and wealthiest men of the 21st century. At the time of his death his net worth was over $10.2 billion. You have most certainly heard of him. In fact, if you have an iPhone in your pocket, an iPad next to you, or if you’re using an iMac then you are benefiting from this man. His name is Steve Jobs.

 

Jobs was born in 1955. His biological parents gave him up for adoption very early on. His adoptive parents lived in a small house outside of Los Altos, California. He didn’t do well in grade school. He loved to tinker with electronics. In 1968, he began high school. After high school, he went Reed College in Portland, Oregon. However he soon dropped out due to the college’s high pricing. In 1976 one of Steve Jobs friends, Steve Wozniak, invented the Apple I computer. From then on Apple took off. But after a disagreement with the CEO, Jobs left Apple and soon he got married.

However, Apple called Jobs back in 1997. Unfortunately, in 2003 Jobs was diagnosed with cancer. He did not, however, go the common ways of treating cancer. He went on a diet to try to starve the cancer. It looked as if it had worked. But sadly the cancer came back. On August 24, 2011, Jobs resigned from his job as Apple’s CEO. Finally on October 5,2011, he died in his home in Palo Alto, California.

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Apple I

 

But what was the nature of Jobs business? Apple was designed to make better computers. As Apples Chief Designer has said, “Apple’s goal is not to make money but to make good products.” What are their products? Well, let’s take a look at the timeline of Apple products. AppleI was invented in 1976 and it was soon followed by AppleII in 1977. During the years 1981-1984, Apple was united with Microsoft. Penlite was Apples first try on a tablet, but it was soon pushed aside for Newton, a very old looking type of tablet. In 2006 Apple’s first laptop, the MacBook Pro, was produced. In 2007 the first iPhone came out. In 2008 both MacBook Air and I Mac were made. iPad was invented in 2011. On November 3, 2017 the new iPhone, iPhoneX, will come out.

 

How did Steve Jobs succeed? One of Jobs mottos was, ‘Do what you love’. This is key to everything in business. Jobs also believed in the strength of vision. When trying to get the then Pepsi President, John Sculley, to join him, Jobs asked, “Do you want to spend your life selling sugar water, or do you want to change the world?” Jobs also grasped the idea of perfecting on a small amount of products, instead of making lots of things at half of the capability. When he returned to Apple in 1997, he took the 350 products to only 10 products.

 

Steve Jobs was an amazing entrepreneur and a very hard worker. It is very interesting to learn about the man who put the phone in our pocket.

 

Samuel Duarte

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The Seven Years War

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War! Today let’s look at what I call the First World War. It was fought in the 1750s and was very important in forming the British Empire.

 

How did the Seven Years War start? Well, first, let’s ask another question. Have you heard of the French and Indian War? Well, the French and Indian War was only a small part of the Seven Years War.

 

In 1754 Colonel George Washington, yes, the same George Washington of the American Revolution, was leading a small body of men to help protect some British men who were building a fort in the northwest wilderness.  However, some of the Indians who were with Washington saw a detachment of French heading their way. Washington, not waiting to find out what the French were doing, attacked and defeated the French. Only one French solider escaped.The commander of the French, Joseph Coulon de Villies de Jumonville, was killed in the aftermath of the skirmish. Washington and his men pressed on to the fort only to find that the British workers were gone. Washington seized the fort, also know as Fort Necessity. But soon Jumonvillle’s brother attacked Washington and won. Thus,the Seven Years War started in the colonies.

 

The British sent General Braddock to suppress the French. Twelve hundred men were sent with Braddock. General Braddock, who had recruited Washington, was trying to reach Fort Duquesne. The forest seemed to be on the enemies’ side, but eventually Braddock reached the river by the fort. Braddock wanted to cross the river; however, Washington advised Braddock not to go. Braddock didn’t heed Washington council, and on July 8,1755, the Battle of Monongahela started. As soon as Braddock crossed the river, the French and Indians attacked. Even though the British had more men, they were out skilled. Eight hundred eighteen men were either killed or captured. Braddock was hit and a few days later he died. However, despite many defeats, the British gained the upper hand. In fact, in 1759, also known as the Annus mirabilis or Year of Miracles, they captured three French forts, Ticonderoga, Québec, and Fort Niagard.

 

But the Seven Years War was much bigger than the skirmish in the colonies. But first, let’s get some background. In 1756 the Diplomatic Revolution happened. What was it? Well, before 1756 the alliances between nations in Europe were as follows: Britain was allied with Austria and France was allied with Prussia. However,the Diplomatic Revolution changed all that. So now Britain was with Prussia and France with Austria. The Seven Years War was Britain, Prussia, Portugal, and Hanover vs. France, Austria, Russia, Spain, and Sweden. Prussia did very well in the war, and when the French and Austrians invaded Prussia, they were driven back. Britain did very badly in the beginning, but in 1759 that changed ,and the British stared dominating their enemies.

 

The Seven Years War was also fought in colonies. The West African coast, India, Philippines, South America, and the Caribbean were all disputed and fought over places.

But in 1763 the Treaty of Paris was signed. All of the lands that were fought over were returned to status quo ante bellum. Britain gained most of Florida and Cuba. They also captured some French colonies. They gained most of India. The British Empire had began to become a dominate world power.

 

I hope you’ve enjoyed this essay.

 

Samuel Duarte JM

China and India

 

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Hi! Today let’s look at two countries, China and India

 

China is the third largest nation in area size. It has a vast and diverse landscape; with deserts, subtropical forests, and some of the tallest mountains in the world. China had five dynasties before 500AD. The Xia, Shang, Zhou, Qin, and Han. The Qin dynasty built the Great Wall of China, and also the infamous Terracotta Army. However the Han dynasty was over thrown by the Mongol Empire. In 1279AD the Mongol Empire reached all the way to Poland and Iran! Genghis Khan and Kubla Khan were two important emperors of the Mongol Empire.

 

India was one of Britain’s most important colonies. Most of India is flat, making a prime place to start a colony. During the 1750s the British Empire was supplied with a lot of interesting and valuable things. When Britain was in control of India, they made over 475 trillion dollars! That is a ton of money!

 

China and India are really interesting to study. Much has come out of these two big nations which has changed the world. Also China has one of the greatest architectural wonders of the ancient world.

 

Samuel Duarte JM

My You Tube Strategy

 

 

Hi! Today I would like to tell you about my YT strategy in an making a YT Cannel.

 

What do I want to do and why? I would like to start a channel about History. It will be about one minute long and will cover interesting and odd facts about History. I may include pictures and might have article attached once in a while. Why? Most people know little or nothing about history. My channel would bring to light lesser known facts of history. Also if I keep I under a minute people wouldn’t get easily distracted and it would be more interesting. I would try to make it not to long or dull.

 

Describe you target audience and your value proposition. My target audience would be grade school homeschool students. My value proposition is, if you don’t know history you are doomed to repeat it. Those who have no idea what happed will make the same mistake. This is very prevalent in our day and age. We as a county are no being taught history and if we do not watch out we will do what some country like Rome did.

 

If you have the opportunity, maybe you could start a YT channel. I hope you have a great week.

 

 

Samuel Duarte

Controlling Small Expenses.

 

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Hello, today would like to tell you about how I would control small expenses, if I had some.

 

One, cut back on fast food. $10 a day can easily add up. If I need lunch while I’m in town I probably should have thought about it last night. Why? Because I could have used leftovers form dinner to make my lunch. Also I could have made a sandwich. If I go to town two days a week and buy a lunch that costs $10. In a years time I would have spent $1,040!!! That’s a lot of money!

 

Two, slow down on buying apps/games. I don’t have to buy every single app in the world. I could save my money to buy a car, house, or a nice piece of property.

 

Three, control impulse buying. I go into a store to by milk, bread, and butter. Suddenly a see some cool item and before I know it I already have bought it! This habit needs to be stopped. You should buy what is one your list and that is all. It is hard to do but it pays off.

 

Being able to control these bad habits will help you to learn how to manage larger amounts of money.

 

 

 

Samuel Duarte.

The Middle East

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Today let’s look at an area known as the Middle East.

 

First of all where is the Middle East? Well, if you look at a map, find the Mediterranean Sea. Then move your finger to the left, and when you reach land that land will be the Middle East. The modern day countries in the Middle East are; Iraq, Iran, Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, Syria, Yemen, UAE, Qatar, and Oman. This region is hot and sandy. Some of the countries have tall mountains. But the weather is almost always hot.

 

The Middle East was and is one of the most fought over places in the world. From 1000 BC to 500 AD; Persia, Alexander the Great, Parthia, and Rome, had occupied the Middle East. But after Rome fell, the Middle East wasn’t under any control.

However, Islam started to became more dominant and in 750 AD Islam took of the Middle Eastern Government. From then on the Islamic horde swept across Europe. In 1453, Constantinople (which was in Europe) fell and with it fell the Byzantine Empire (or the remains of the Eastern Roman Empire.) At its height the Ottoman Empire (another name for the Arabs) controlled the Middle East, Parts of Spain, and Eastern Europe. In fact, in Jerusalem are two of the most famous religious buildings in the world. The Church of the Holy Sepulture (Judeo/Christian) and the infamous Dome of the Rock (Islamic). The Dome of the Rock is built on the place where Solomon’s Temple stood in Bible times.

 

The Middle East is a very interesting to study. It shows how a religion can spread over half the world in a few hundred years. And today we see the consequences of the Islamic Jihad being played out. Hope you enjoyed this essay.

 

 

Samuel Duarte